What does ROC stand for? And why did Russia get banned from Olympics? – NBC Olympics

Technically, Russia is banned from competing in the Olympics. But like the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Russian athletes are still participating at the 2022 Winter Olympics.  
That’s because they are competing under the banner of the Russian Olympic Committee, or ROC for short. 
In 2019, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) banned Russia from international sports competitions for four years after the country was found to be running a years-long, state-sponsored doping scheme.
That came after the International Olympic Committee suspended Russia in 2017 for the doping scheme, which was first exposed by a whistleblower in 2016. At the 2018 Winter Olympics in PyeongChang, Russian athletes who passed drug tests competed under the Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR) delegation. 
WADA’s ban was shortened to two years after Russia appealed, but it runs through the end of 2022, meaning the country is not officially being recognized at the Winter Games. 
Still, the ruling by the Court of Arbitration for Sport allowed Russian athletes who are not linked to the doping scheme to participate in global competitions as neutral competitors. 
The 215 Russian athletes at the Winter Olympics will be competing under a flag containing the Olympic rings and red, white and blue stripes. If a Russian athlete wins gold, Tchaikovsky’s Piano Concerto No. 1 will play instead of the Russian national anthem.
Russian government officials are also not allowed to attend the Olympics, but senior officials can if the host country invites them. Russian President Vladimir Putin attended the Opening Ceremony on Friday as a guest of China’s president, Xi Jinping.
Yes, as the ban is set to end on Dec. 16, 2022. Barring further incidents, Russian athletes would be able to compete under their own flag at the 2024 Summer Olympics in Paris.
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